Moldova is a hybrid of the Asian-European group. Moldova grapes were obtained by crossing the Central Asian dark variety "Guzal Kara" and the French white species "Villars Blanc". In 1987, it was introduced to Ukraine, Russia and Belarus. Characteristics and features of growing a hybrid will be described in this article.
Description of the Moldova grape variety
The berries are oval in shape and size 2x3 cm, weight - 6-7 g
Moldova needs 155-158 days to fully ripen. Crop is usually harvested in mid-September or a little later, if the climate is hot. But in the northern areas, it often does not mature and by the end of autumn due to lack of sun and heat. It is the table hybrid differing in high tastes. Vine vigorous. The ideal form is a long-sleeve one, with free placement of shoots on 3-4 sleeves. Leaves are five-lobed, green.
Clusters in the form of a cone, average friability, weighing 400-650 g on average. The berries are oval in shape and size 2x3 cm, weight - 6-7 g. The skin of berries is dense, saturated purple, almost black, with visible bloom. The flesh is high in juice and bites when it bites. Inside the pulp there are always 2-3 bones.
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Moldova gives grapes from a bush 4-5 kg
The characteristics of the Moldova grapes are not few, but for the most part they are advantages and not disadvantages.
- Hybrid self-pollinated, with bisexual flowers, so it can be planted separately.
- Sweet berries - sugar content of 18% with an acidity of 6-10 g / l.
- Yield on an industrial scale 165 kg / ha. On a small plot, gardeners get 4-5 kg of grapes from a bush.
- Harvest can be stored for 3 months without loss of external or taste, but, of course, only under certain conditions.
- Frost resistance to -22 degrees.
- There is a good immunity against lime chlorosis, oidium, but it is powerless before fomopsis.
- The bush has been bearing fruits since the second year, but if in the first year of growth of the bush there were problems (freezing, pests, diseases), then it can produce berries no earlier than 3 years.
Features of growing
A place for landing is chosen sunny, open with a low level of groundwater. It is desirable to plant this hybrid in spring, when the air temperature warms up to +15 degrees, and the earth reaches +11 degrees Celsius. Moldova grapes do not like thickening, therefore it is recommended to plant sprouts at a considerable distance from each other. Landing scheme - 5x4 meters.
Cuttings for planting need to germinate so that white roots appear
Cuttings for planting need to germinate so that white roots appear. And right before the procedure, they are dipped for 5-10 seconds into a solution of potassium humate (10 drops / 1 l of water). After planting cuttings or small bushes, the beds are well watered and allowed to take root for 1-2 weeks.
The vineyard needs regular maintenance throughout the year.
- Grapes grown in Moldova are usually grown on vertical supports. They are placed when the sprouts begin to actively develop. You can also plant it near fences, arbors, walls, so that the vine curled over them.
- Watering needed abundant immediately after planting. Under each seedling pour up to 3 buckets of water. But here we must take into account the weather. In a drought, water needs more, but if it rains often, you can generally refuse to water.
- If in spring Moldova's grape variety does not grow, you can feed it with nitrogen fertilizers. On average, 40 g of nitrogenous fertilizer is diluted in 10 liters of water, and then poured into a ditch dug 50 cm from the base of the bush.
- Mulching for Moldova is not necessary, but it has a positive effect on the bushes. Any mulch will do, although gardeners prefer wood bark, straw, sawdust. If you use agrofibre or a dark film, you can at the same time get rid of weeds.
In the period of the emergence of bunches it is necessary to start rationing
- In the period of the appearance of bunches it is necessary to begin to ration the harvest. If there are many clusters on the vine, the crop will ripen for a long time and may have a sour taste. Excessively loaded bush is in a weakened state, it can also be attacked by pests or diseases, against which it will be powerless. So the extra clusters need to be plucked. Each branch leaves 1 large bunch or a maximum of 2 small ones.
- In order not to deal with diseases and pests, it is worthwhile in early spring to treat the vine with a solution of Bordeaux liquids or any similar preparation for flowering.
- In early spring and autumn, after harvesting, it is necessary to prune the grapes. In the spring, usually only the frozen vine is removed, from which there will be no more use, and in the fall you can also cut off the damaged, diseased pagons, and carry out the trimming pruning - remove the excess vine so that the bush does not grow much.
- In winter, the Moldova grape variety in the middle and northern latitudes must be warmed. The root zone is mulched at 35-40 cm with peat, humus or something similar, so as not to freeze the roots into a snowless winter. The ground part can be simply covered with insulating material.
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Photo of Moldova grape harvest
It is advisable to harvest the crop immediately after ripening. When oversweeping, the berries become very soft and less stored. Gather grapes by hand, very carefully. Collected clusters can be taken for sale or used for its intended purpose. Stored grapes in the refrigerator or cold rooms, if it is very much.
The use of the Moldova grape variety is universal. Berries can be frozen for winter, dried, making raisins, canned, processed into juice, jam, but most often they are consumed fresh.
Reviews on Moldova grape variety
Reviews of gardeners about Moldova grapes are not bad.
- Angela Makeeva: "Moldova grapes are practically trouble-free! I grow more than 5 years. The crops are great, the taste is excellent. The main drawbacks are the need to shelter for the winter and normalize the harvest. Otherwise, there are no problems."
- Jaroslav savin: “The hybrid is not bad. It certainly has some drawbacks, but you can cope with them if you take care of it. Moldova’s grape variety is for sale. We sell some of our grapes. The remaining crop usually goes to home-made wine. The wine turns out pretty, the main technology is to comply and take only ripe berries. "
- Maxim Ermakov: "We only grew white grapes in the garden. We decided to plant a dark 2 years ago. The choice fell on Moldova. It caught on quickly and gave the first harvest a year later. There were plenty of bunches, but we all threw off except two, so as not to burden the young bush. The grapes tasted good and the clusters looked wonderful. This year we will plant more. "