Due to the unusual shape of the petals, this orchid is called a butterfly flower. He is very beautiful, elegant and bright. In the room or on the windowsill, this plant attracts the eye and delights with its refinement. Phalaenopsis orchid is the topic of today's article. Below you can read about its features, care, fit and transplant.
The orchid phalaenopsis has a remarkable appearance. You can find it on the outlet of 4-6 dense leaflets, elongated and slightly pointed to the tip, arranged in 2 rows. Peduncle slightly curved, up to 0.7 m. This species does not have false bulbs (thickenings on the stem), in which many orchid species store moisture reserves.
The root system is represented by two types of roots. The first are located in different directions - in the natural environment, it is they who orchid grabs the bark and stones. The second - air roots, designed to extract water from the air. Absorption occurs due to velamen - a greenish fabric located on top of these roots, which has absorbing properties.Interesting! The spectacular and unusual is the orchid Novelti - a hybrid of phalaenopsis, originally from Taiwan. This culture is distinguished by the fact that its flower stalks do not die off, but only "hibernate", after which they bloom again, therefore the plant is covered with bright buds for a year.
Phalaenopsis flowers are from tender to saturated colors, with specks, patterns, stripes on the petals. The lip is a medial leaflet in the center of the bud, always has a brighter color — chocolate, scarlet, purple, green — at least a few tones darker or richer than the circumferential petals.
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Florists "with experience" consider phalaenopsis the simplest type of orchid in terms of care. Despite the sophistication of the plant, it requires not so much attention to itself as all other plants of the epiphytic genus. But this does not mean that care at home is not required at all. People who water the flowers once a month (if not forgotten) do not boast beautiful buds of culture, because care must be systematic and in accordance with the rules!Important! For an orchid, one place is selected immediately after purchase, where it grows for many years. But regular permutations or movements of the pot, especially during flowering, lead to the death of the peduncle.
Phalaenopsis grows when the air temperature in the room is within + 18 ... +24 degrees. If it crosses the mark of +25 degrees, the plant begins to increase the green mass, but the flowers will become worse. The lowest, admissible temperature is +12 degrees, but only for a short time, in winter.
It is recommended to put a flower in the light (south or southwest window). But the light is allowed only scattered to avoid burns on the leaves. If there is not enough light, the plant is usually drawn out and ceases to bloom. In this case, he needs to provide illumination, so that daylight time is about 12 hours.
How to water the orchid?
The orchid phalaenopsis flower is a tropical species. High humidity is vital for it. If there is a lack of watering or the humidity of the air decreases, the culture can stop blooming, stop growing or even begin to die off! But it is also impossible to flood the plant through the top, otherwise its roots will rot. How to water an orchid?
In the case of the Phalaenopsis orchid, you need to learn the rule of two “Ps” - first, the water “gets wet” and then “dries out”. In this case, moisture will be more than enough, and the roots will not rot. And since orchids of this type are usually grown in transparent pots, it is usually not difficult to determine the humidity. The fact is that when a flower lacks moisture, its roots take on a light gray color.Important! Water droplets on the buds will easily harm the flowers, so care at home does not include spraying. And you need to water the root or by immersing the pot in water.
On average, in summer culture is watered every 2-3 days (if it is very hot and the earth dries quickly), in spring and autumn watering is carried out once a week, and in winter - every 14 days, because the room is not hot and water evaporates slowly. To water a flower, it is necessary to immerse the culture pot in water for about 15 minutes (5 minutes is enough in winter). It is desirable to do this in the morning or afternoon. The substrate and orchid will absorb as much water as needed, and the rest should be drained.Interesting! If you water Phalaenopsis hard, not defended by water, it will be covered with whitish bloom over time.
In the top dressing of phalaenopsis orchid, there is usually no use if the substrate is already nutritious and properly cooked. But, if a culture withers for no reason, it is recommended to take urgent measures. As a rule, they feed the flower with purchased fertilizers especially for orchids.
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Phalaenopsis orchid blooms 2 times a year - in spring and autumn. Sometimes - 3 times, but only with proper care and favorable growing conditions. And since there is practically no rest period in culture, throughout the whole year you can admire its excellent color and unusual buds.Important! Since phalaenopsis orchid buds bloom gradually, one by one, flowering can last 2-6 months - depending on the care.
After flowering, when the flowers have fallen, there is always a pagon on which the buds are located. It is not advisable to touch it, it usually fades or new buds may appear on it. In addition, this arrow is one of the methods of reproduction.
How to propagate Phalaenopsis orchid?
Reproduction orchids phalaenopsis
Care at home for this flower is not very difficult, so it is often trying to multiply. Phalaenopsis is propagated by various methods.
- Stalk division is one of the most popular options. It is carried out 4 weeks after flowering. To do this, cut off the upper part of the stem with the seizure of the kidney and rooted.
- On the basis of the neck or the substrate, "babies" often appear. They can also reproduce. Often their growth and appearance are stimulated by various hormonal drugs.
- Rosettes. A young rosette with 4 leaves is cut off from the mother culture, the cut is processed with charcoal. Then the plant is immediately planted in a new pot.
- For cuttings are taken 10-15 centimeters cuttings with 2 nodes with a sinus. They are laid out on the moistened sand with moss and covered with a film.
- Professional growers often propagate orchid seeds, but at home it is difficult to do.
How often does the Phalaenopsis orchid transplant?
Phalaenopsis orchid transplant
When a phalaenopsis orchid is purchased in a store, a very important question arises - is it necessary to replace it? It is best to clarify this point with the seller, as there are different cases - it all depends on what kind of land the plant is in. But, as a rule, orchids are sold in a quality substrate, which is more than enough for long-term growth and development, so they do not need an urgent transplant.Important! Most often, orchid transplantation is carried out with a strongly overgrown root system, a lack of nutrients in the soil, improper care or the development of diseases.
But how often does the Phalaenopsis orchid transplant? So that the root system is not injured from the cramping in the pot or frequent moves from the pot to the pot, the transplant is done about once every 2-3 years. Home care for phalaenopsis orchid requires adherence to and transplant time. Usually, the procedure is carried out in the spring, but in the summer, in the winter and in the autumn, it is not necessary to introduce a culture into such stress!
How to transplant phalaenopsis orchid?
During phalaenopsis transplantation, you need to take care of a new pot and substrate. The first thing that matters is the pot. Suitable clay capacity (in the hole), a plastic pot (transparent) or woven bamboo pots. When choosing it is worthwhile to make sure that the tank has holes in the bottom (for water drainage) and in the side walls (for lighting and airing the root system).Important! The clay pot looks very nice, and it is convenient for the flower itself, but the soil dries out very quickly.
The substrate for transplanting a plant is made from a small amount of activated carbon and crushed pieces of pine bark. To the bark was decontaminated, it is immersed in a saucepan, pour water and boil for a quarter of an hour, stirring. And only after complete drying, it is mixed with coal and used for transplantation. Sphagnum is usually laid on top when the ground dries quickly. If you do not want to make a substrate yourself, you can buy it at any flower shop.Important! When the ground in the new pot does not dry out during the week after watering, this indicates a too high density of the substrate. In this case, it must be urgently replaced, so that the orchid does not rot!
The pot and the substrate are ready, what to do next? After the phalaenopsis orchid has been spared from the old pot, it is only necessary to wipe off the old earth slightly. But you can not completely remove it. If you plant an orchid in a completely new soil, it can get sick, so that at least a small amount of the old substrate must be present in the new pot (but only if it is not infected with anything).
In a new pot is placed on the bottom of a thin layer of substrate, then put the plant. The roots usually take up a lot of pot space, so the ground is poured over them to wake up between the roots. It is also placed on the sides so that the orchid does not fall and feel well in the new place.
Orchid Phalaenopsis Diseases
When growing orchids at home, you need to ensure that it does not hurt. Often it is affected by such pests as thrips, whiteflies, mites, and bills.Important! Most often the home plant is faced with diseases and pests in the winter when the room is cool and damp.
- When insects appear, the orchid can be watered with warm water (+ 45 ... + 50 degrees). For a flower, this is not critical, but pests of such temperature are afraid.
- Also with pests helps to wipe the leaves with soapy water or alcohol.
- Mass destruction will help lime preparations "Fitoverm", "Aktellik", "Aktara".
Diseases usually affect phalaenopsis orchid with improper care at home. So anthracnose occurs with an excess of moisture, rust - with a weakening of the plant, fungi - with too frequent watering. From the majority of diseases of the orchid Phalaenopsis helps treatment with the drug "Skor". From the powdery mildew also suitable colloidal sulfur. Of course, any treatment must be accompanied by a correction in the standards of care, because without the right content you cannot get a beautiful, healthy flower.