Cineraria plant is distinguished by a variety of shapes and colors. It can be of several species, each of which has a special form of leaves, the type of inflorescences, the flowering period and some other characteristics. Cineraria is grown indoors or outdoors. Because of this, it can be cultivated in certain conditions and create unusual flower arrangements.
Cineraria is a semi-shrub or herbaceous plant. His shoots are erect, strongly branched, 15–90 cm in height, depending on the variety. Thick, taproot goes deep into the soil. Leaflets petiolate, medium or large. The form can be pinnatural, oval, lyre. Shoots, petioles and leaves covered with a short fuzz of blue-silver color.
Inflorescences appear closer to the middle of June right at the top of the shoots. But since all types of culture have different external features, then flowers can be of various types depending on the type of plant.
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There are several types of cinerarias that have received the greatest love of gardeners. It is interesting that they differ not only in the place and conditions of cultivation, but also in the type of cultivation, the natural range of growth and appearance. Below are some popular varieties.
- "Sympathy" - a hybrid with many branched pagons. Heart-shaped leaflets. The height of the bush is 20 cm. The flowers have a diameter of 4 cm. The petals are two-colored with a combination of different colors: blue, pink, red, lilac, white and so on.
- "Senetti" grows up to 50 cm in height. Flowers are similar to the previous variety and may also have a variety of colors.
- Grandiflora is grown in the garden. This is a bush that grows up to 70 cm in height. It has large flowers, up to 8 cm in diameter. Petals are two-tone, the tone can be different.
- "Silver dust" grows up to 25 cm in height. The leaves are "cut" with a light down. It is grown in open field. Inflorescences are of no interest, but foliage is the main decoration.
- "Cirrus" - a tall plant up to 45 cm in height. Serrated leaves silvery-green, oval shape. Young bushes are more green than silver and only change color over time.
- "Stelata" is a hybrid of bloody cineraria. It has buds of indigo stars. Grows up to 70 cm. The leaves are large. This plant fits perfectly into any design.
How does the plant propagate?
Depending on the type of plant it can be propagated in different ways.
- Reproduction by seeds.
Indoor and garden species are most often propagated by seed (through seedlings). Since the culture is growing very slowly, sowing it in open ground or in a permanent pot is simply pointless, hence the need for breeding young shoots.
The seedlings are sown from December to mid-February - the sooner the better. For this, convenient boxes are prepared and sandy-peaty earth is poured into them. Spread the seeds on the surface and press them a little into the soil (so that it is not visible). After that, the earth is sprayed and covered with a film. Shoots can be observed after about a week. Then the film is removed, and the box is placed in an illuminated place with a temperature of + 20 ... +22 degrees. The first pick (in separate cups) occurs at the moment when 2 leaves appear.It is important! It is better to dive seed seedlings into peat cups so that it is convenient to plant it then in a permanent place. After all, the taproot of plants does not tolerate transplantation.
After picking, the seedlings should be kept at a temperature of +15 degrees, and in May, after late frosts pass, the flower can be transplanted in open ground. If it is grown in an apartment, the transplant is done in March-April.
- Reproduction by cuttings.
For cuttings cut 10-centimeter cuttings, and take a box in which they will let the roots. In its bottom there must be holes for ventilation!
At the bottom of the drainage layer pours, then 1 cm of garden soil with sand, and then another 5 cm of river sand. The ground level, watered with a solution of potassium permanganate. The lower cut of the cuttings is processed by the root and they are placed in the soil. After that, the earth is compacted so that the cuttings do not fall, and on top of the cutting it is covered with a plastic cut-off bottle to create more favorable, warm conditions. They remove the bottle only after full rooting; before that, it is only important to water the earth and from time to time to open the neck of the bottle for ventilation. Planting cuttings in the ground is carried out in the spring.Important! Bottles can not be removed immediately, as for plants it will be a shock. Sprouts are gradually accustomed to the open air, removing the bottle at first for 2-3 hours a day, and then for longer.
- Reproduction by division.
Well-branched bush can be propagated and the method of division. To do this, from May to August the bush is dug out, its stems and roots are divided into parts (each sprout must have a normal proportion of roots and ground tops, otherwise the bush will not take root). After that, the obtained sprouts are planted in separate pots and transferred to a cool, darkened place, and after their adaptation - in the sun. If the flower is garden, then after planting it is simply darkened (make a frame or something like that) in order to reduce the temperature and the amount of light.
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Cineraria is planted and transplanted several times over the entire period of its life. This is a very interesting plant, with its whims, so the nuances of its planting and transplantation are presented below, which can not be ignored.
- In open ground, cineraria is always planted in sunny areas, where at midday there is natural penumbra. If there is no such place, then the shadow is made artificially.
- The land for culture should be loose, because this is a pivotal view - it will be difficult for the root to grow in solid ground. It must contain sand!
- The soil is planted for planting, peat is added to it, compost, if it is a garden crop, and if it is room crop, you can buy fertile soil (enriched with minerals). Ideally, purchased land should contain: leaf soil, compost, peat, sand, pieces of pine bark, ash - but this is only an approximate option.
- For planting seedlings always make small holes with a depth of 20-25 cm. At the same time, it is desirable that the sprouts are in peat cups. But if the plant is transplanted after dividing a bush or for some other reason, a hole is dug a little deeper than the length of the existing root!
- After any planting or transplanting, the ground should be compacted (lightly) and then watered. Garden crops do not interfere with mulch peat.
How to care for Cineraria at home?
Since cineraria is grown indoors and outdoors, you need to know how to care for it in one way or another.
- Watering is carried out only as the land dries. That is, if the earth is 2-3 cm inland dry, then you can water it. The reason for such restrictions is the taproot - with an abundance of moisture, it rots. If there is little water, flowering will become quite scarce.
- In the open field - it is an annual or biennial plant. But so that it grows 2 years, before the onset of frost, the culture is well warmed. To do this, the plant is shortened by about 15 cm, and then covered with straw, dry leaves or agrofibre.
- In the spring, after the snow has gone, the mulch is removed, and nitrogen fertilizer is added to the crop so that it will wake up faster and grow.
- Weed grass is removed as it appears, and the soil is loosened with such a frequency that there are no hard lumps or crusts under the bushes.
- In deciduous species, it is necessary to remove all flower stalks so that the foliage stretches and increases in volume.
- If diseases or pests are noticed on or near the flower, spraying with systemic fungicides (insecticides) should be carried out. Flowers are not consumed in food, so even strong drugs will not bring harm, but it is necessary to observe concentration and not to carry out processing during flowering in order not to poison bees and other pollinating insects.
- Once in 15 days complex mineral supplements or organic matter are introduced (compost, humus with the addition of ash).
For cineraria room, you need high-quality care at home, because without it there will be no flowering.
- Watering is carried out with warm, settled water under the root or through a tray so as not to wet the ground part of the foliage.
- The temperature in the room with a flower should be within + 18 ... +20 degrees.
- Provides maximum illumination, but from direct sunlight should be reduced. The western or eastern window will be ideal for room cineraria.
- Fertilizers are applied during the period of the most active growth - spring, summer.
- All wilted leaves, flowers need to be removed as they appear - this is part of regular care at home, so that they do not spoil the look of the bushes and do not continue to “pull” useful substances.
- From time to time, prevention is carried out against pests and diseases.