Vegetable

Yellow watermelon - varieties and cultivation

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Yellow watermelons only recently appeared on the world market, but already liked the lovers of juicy berries. The yellow watermelon crust is the same as the red one, but the flesh of these fruits has a rich yellow color. The article will describe the best varieties, methods of cultivation, as well as features of yellow fruits, their benefits and harm to the human body.

How did the yellow watermelons appear?

Yellow watermelon is a hybrid that was first obtained by foreign breeders when crossing wild and domesticated watermelon. The first such crop was harvested in the Mediterranean. Yellow watermelons are grown today mostly in the southern regions. Although in the middle areas, local yellow wonders are increasingly on sale.

Photo of slices of yellow and red watermelon

In appearance, yellow watermelons are very similar to red. In shape, they can be oval or round. Their crust is green, striped or just plain. The flesh is always yellow, but there are fruits with a brighter or lighter yellow color. Fruit weight ranges from 3 kg to 10 kg. But here it is necessary to take into account that the largest fruits usually ripen in a hot southern climate, and in the northern regions the weight of a watermelon can be within the limits of 1-5 kg.

What is the difference between yellow watermelon and red?

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The main difference between yellow and red watermelon is the color of the pulp, but how else can they differ?

  • Seeds in yellow watermelons are usually little or no. For this species, this is quite normal.
  • The taste of watermelon with yellow flesh often has notes of various exotic tastes (mango, lemon, pineapple), sometimes it gives a taste to a pumpkin. And the classic red watermelon has no similar tastes.
  • Yellow watermelons ripen early, in any case, those varieties that have already been created.
  • The yellow watermelon crust is very dry and hard, so jam or candied fruits are usually not cooked.
  • The cost of yellow fruits is usually higher than red ones.

Photo of yellow watermelon

Useful properties of yellow watermelons

The composition of yellow watermelon is very different from red. But he is very useful and has plenty of vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E, C, PP. One slice (150 g on average) contains 38 kcal, 0 g of fat, 11 g of carbohydrates, 1 g of fiber and provides a person with 17% of the daily requirement of vitamin A, 21% of vitamin C. It also contains a lot of calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, sodium, phosphorus.

  • Watermelon with yellow pulp has a positive effect on the immune system, helps to fight infections, viruses.
  • It is an excellent diuretic.
  • It is an effective cleaner for the body. When digesting watermelon removes harmful decay products from the stomach and intestines, cleans the body from digested food.
  • Due to the abundance of vitamin A in the composition, yellow watermelon has a positive effect on vision, helps to prevent eye diseases.
  • Calcium has a beneficial effect on the nails, hair and bones of a person.
  • The abundance of iron, magnesium and potassium in the composition has a good effect on the heart and blood vessels, reduces the risk of anemia.
  • Yellow watermelon is useful for people on a diet, as it contains few calories, but it is quite nutritious. It is also prescribed to people struggling with obesity and atherosclerosis.

Harm and contraindications

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There are yellow watermelons no less useful than red ones, but they also have a number of contraindications.

  • You can not eat too much watermelon, as this can lead to problems with the intestines.
  • Not recommended for people with diabetes.
  • It can harm people with renal insufficiency, as it gives a strong load on the kidneys.
  • If you are hypersensitive to the product, its consumption should be stopped.

The best yellow varieties of watermelons with a description

Despite the fact that yellow watermelon can be considered a novelty on the world market, today there are more than 9 varieties of interesting berries that are sold in seed shops and successfully grown by gardeners in different countries.

  • "Lunar"- the most famous type of yellow watermelon. It ripens in 70-75 days. The flesh is yellow, bright. The taste is watermelon with hints of mango. It withstands slight cold snaps.
  • "Golden grace"- Dutch variety. Grows up to 8 kg on average. The flesh is yellow, sugary. There is excellent resistance to frost.
  • "Prince Hamlet"- a variety of Russian breeders. The peel is green with stripes, the flesh is light yellow. The taste is a bit like pineapple, however, like the color. It needs only 70 days to ripen.
  • "Qabuz"- Ukrainian variety. It looks like a watermelon, very beautiful in the section, but it has pumpkin taste. It was not because of the taste that it was widely spread, but the seeds are available for purchase in most countries of Europe and Asia.

Also the most popular are such varieties of watermelons with yellow flesh like: "Orange Medoc", "Orange King F1", "Yellow Dragon", "Primaorange", "Janusik", etc.

Photo of watermelon seeds with yellow flesh

How to grow yellow watermelon?

As with the red variety, yellow watermelon is very picky about growing. He is extremely important a lot of sun, dry weather, timely watering and high-quality land. It can be grown by seed or seedling method. The soil for planting should be loose, nutritious, fertilized in the fall with minerals and humus.

The seedlings of watermelon are sown at the end of March for seedlings so that they can be transplanted to a permanent place from about mid-May. Land for planting should be sunny, as light as possible, without shadow. Permissible cultivation in the greenhouse on the trellis.

The yellow watermelon bush usually has a very powerful and developed root system, but it still needs to be handled with a plant very carefully, like a red variety. More detailed rates of cultivation of yellow watermelons may vary in certain varieties, since their terms of ripening, fastidiousness to the soil, climate, irrigation, may be different.

It is worth noting that yellow watermelons grow best in the southern regions, although they are grown in the middle ones. True fruits are less, and the sweetness may be low.

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