Vegetable

Chicken droppings as fertilizer

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Fertilizers in the garden are used to improve the quality of the soil, as well as increase crop yields. Such substances are divided into organic and mineral. Chicken dung as fertilizer was used in ancient times - it is organic, which can be applied almost everywhere in the garden. The article will describe its properties, features and application technology for various plants.

The composition of chicken manure

Chicken droppings are an unscented, crumbly, dark gray mass. Its main feature is a rich composition. By the number of certain substances, it is much higher than cow and horse manure. For comparison: nitrogen in the fertilizer in question is more than 4 times, phosphoric acid - 20 times. It also surpasses in some qualities goose and duck droppings: magnesium is 3 times more, nitrogen, calcium 2.5 times, phosphorus 2 times, sulfuric acid 1.5 times.

The composition of chicken manure

The substance under consideration also contains potassium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum, cobalt, vitamins, auxins, natural acids, phenols, sulfides, etc.

The water in the composition is not much - it is much more concentrated substance than any other organic. That is why for fertilizing the site or any crops it is taken in small doses!

What are the advantages and disadvantages of chicken litter?

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To better understand the properties and use of chicken manure as fertilizer, you need to consider its advantages and disadvantages. You should start with the benefits of use.

  • Since the rate of certain substances in chicken litter is more than in different types of manure, it is much less necessary to fertilize the site or individual crops, and this saves money.
  • When applied, the soil structure, its biological activity, structure, and chemical composition are improved.
  • In the ground, not clogging, has a long period of action.
  • Some species of bird droppings (granules and powders) can be stored for many years, they do not deteriorate.

Now a little about the shortcomings. What to fear and what to consider when using this tool?

  • Like any other organic matter, chicken manure does not act immediately, but gradually, as time is needed for decomposition in the ground.
  • Too much concentration can easily harm the plants and the ground.
  • If the litter is dirty, it may contain the larvae and eggs of parasites, which in turn leads to contamination of the land when used as fertilizer.

What are the features of the application?

Use the described fertilizer in a dry, fresh form, as an infusion or solution for watering. The concentration and method of use depends on the period of the year, the fertility of the land and a number of other factors.

  • Fresh chicken dung as fertilizer can be used only in the fall for soil. It is not used for fertilizing crops - it will simply burn them. On 1 weave taken an average of 30 kg of this tool. It can be simply scattered on the site and then dug up so that the fertilizer is completely in the soil at a depth of 15-20 cm. This method significantly improves the composition of the earth and provides nutrition to young plants in the spring.
  • Infusion of the litter is recommended to be used as a top dressing for plants throughout the entire period of their growing season. Bred bird droppings in a ratio of 1:20 with water. If dry, not fresh substance is used, then 1:30. After 2-3 days, after infusion (need daily stirring) the mixture is filtered and used.

    Features of the use of chicken manure

If you do not want to prepare a new solution each time, you can simply make a concentrated tool for the whole season. For this, the manure is diluted with water at a concentration of 1: 1 and filtered after 3 days. Concentrate should be stored in a dark place, and diluted in a ratio of 1:10 with water before irrigation of crops.

  • Powder or dry manure has a 3 times greater concentration of nutrients than fresh. With the autumn fertilizer of the earth 200 g of substance per square meter of soil are applied. To get a fertile solution for 3 kg of litter take 50 liters of water, insist 3 days. The prepared concentrate needs to be diluted 1:10 with water and immediately used for irrigation.
  • The granular variety is sold in stores. Used only for spring application to the soil or the preparation of liquid fertilizers. Autumn never applies! It is stored for a long time, it does not contain dangerous microorganisms, as it is made by hot method. The exact proportions of use in certain cases, always indicate on the packaging.

What plants are suitable for chicken droppings?

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It is almost always possible to use litter of chickens to fertilize land and plants, but in some cases, technology plays a key role.

  • Garden beds in the autumn should be fertilized for planting cabbage, potatoes and other vegetables.
  • You can pour a small amount of substance directly into the wells when planting seedlings of tomatoes, eggplant, cucumbers, peppers, while the tool is well mixed with the ground so that there is no direct contact with the roots.
  • When planting onions, green plants, carrots, beets, flowers, berry bushes, plants, fertile trees, dry mixtures are used.
  • You can fertilize the seedlings, but in this case, just special soil mixtures are made into which the seeds are sown.

    Approximate rates of making chicken manure

Best of all bird droppings affect vegetables, pumpkin, and root vegetables. Poor fertilizer fertilizer chicken manure only crops growing on acidic land: lingonberries, blueberries, cranberries, heather, etc.

When watering solutions and infusions of plants, it is important to follow some rules. Concentration should be low so as not to burn the culture. Top dressing is used only after watering the plants at a distance of 30 cm from the root - between the beds, and not under the root!

Using the powder of powder (described above) it is important to observe the norm, so as not to burn the roots. Under the vegetable and berry plants contribute a liter of substance, under the berry bushes - 5 liters, and under the trees - 10 liters of powder is powdered.

Where to buy?

Chicken dung as fertilizer is not cheap, because, in fact, it can replace any other tool, and even several times. The first purchase option is on poultry farms, poultry farms, in the private sector wherever chickens are raised. In this case, the buyer receives the purest product without impurities.

The second option is to buy in the store. This is a good alternative, but there are a few nuances. For the purity of such a litter no one is responsible. At least there could add substances that allow the agent to be stored longer. Depending on the manufacturer, possible additives and quantity, the price of such substances may vary significantly.

The third option is to have chickens. This will add homework, but will provide the breeder with high-quality chicken manure to fertilize his own plot for a long time. Eggs and meat obtained from chickens, in this case, is a nice bonus. At the same time, to obtain a pure product, it is necessary either to release the birds in the fall to the garden, or to make them open-air cages with a cellular bottom, where the droppings will fall out, only this way you can get clean fertilizer.

If there is no cellular bottom, the feces come together with the litter covered in the poultry house, and this reduces the nutritional value of the fertilizer by 1.5-2 times, it is considered diluted.

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